The Gnathology is the branch of Dentistry that with Posturology is geared to prevention, diagnosis, provision of treatment and rehabilitation of pathological conditions or paraphysiological plan that may affect the stability and proper functioning of the stomatognathic.
The object of the Gnathology is the restoration of proper occlusion, ie a correct static interaction (in rest position) and dynamic (during the oral functions) between the dental arches and mouth. The Posturology investigates the causes affecting postulali imbalances organism.
The most common causes of the imbalances
Among the most common causes we include chronic tension of the masticatory muscles, craniomandibular and abnormal postulai habits (even while sleeping). They can not be underestimated even reasons and contributing factors related to emotional stress, behavioral and physical.
The purpose of the therapies posturo-gnathological seeks to restore the optimal balance compared to the mandibular buoyancy skull, articular disc and the glenoid fossa. Occlusal equilibration or correction of incorrect positions taken by the mandible can be achieved by repositioning therapies that make use of individualized functional devices (bite).
And essential for this purpose to eliminate contractures and interference, the actions implemented for this purpose ranging from selective suspension to the prosthesis, aids or resorting to Orthodontics. If the causes persist and require further tests will be necessary to resort to forms of endoscopic surgery, ATM (Tempro-Mandibular Joint) and intra-articular irrigation.
Frequently asked questions on Gnathology and Posturology
A “disharmony” dental occlusion can produce important damages borne by the side devices such as joints, jaw, neck, head and back.
To achieve proper occlusion, it is sometimes necessary to reshape their surfaces so as to eliminate the wrong contacts, the operation is called selective grinding.
Numerous factors may be responsible for these symptoms, some related to the Central Nervous System other consequential to a joint disease (arthritis) or following a trauma, also remained dormant for years.
Here are some of the most common incidence reasons: chronic tension of the masticatory muscles, which lead to clenching or grinding of the teeth; an abnormal posture of the mandible during its functions and at rest (or even while sleeping), emotional stress and muscle tension that can be discharged on the neck and shoulders.
The bite is able to maintain the jaw in the correct position and corrects the posture avoiding problems of grinding or teeth clenching (especially at night), is able to correct the posture alleviating problems related to tension, headaches and pain in the spine and neck.