Orthodontics is the branch of Dentistry (also called Orthodontics) which has as its purpose the diagnosis, prevention and rehabilitation of dental malocclusions and disorders affecting the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). This kind of problems are due to an improper placement and alignment of the teeth or to the disharmonious development of the bone bases.
The dell’Ortodontia objectives are not solely related to proper dental alignment, but also affect a proper masticatory function and improved aesthetics of the mandibular profile.
Types of therapy
There are two types of therapy mainly developed, the surgical and mechanical. The surgery works by removing dental parts that interferes with the proper alignment and operates on the correct positioning of the jaws. The mechanical treatment is implemented with the preparation of bio-mechanical devices that exploit the mechanical strength to achieve the desired result.
Mechanical devices are classified into active and passive, in which case the force used is naturally produced by the Act chewing instead of being given off (as in the case of active equipment) from other components such as screws, springs and strings. Another form of classification sees mobile devices as aimed at correcting bad habits (such as thumb sucking), functional and orthopedic ones instead positively affect the growth and development of the arches and jaws acting both on bone component that muscle, which the fixed appliance can not do.
It is a very innovative approach to the bio-mechanical orthodontic appliances. Unlike traditional devices, which may have effects not pleasant from the point of view of its aesthetic and approach to the other, the “invisible” interventions offer a negligible solution from the aesthetic point of view. This is the result of an internal job placement at the mouth, thin metal wires are placed in the inner surfaces of the elements in dental and sublingual area, this allows you to hide the corrective equipment.
Frequently asked questions on Orthodontics
The first visit to the orthodontist should be done between 6 and 7 years. And ‘an essential preliminary determination to exclude malocclusions and the presence of bad habits (atypical swallowing, mouth breathing, etc).
It ‘also good to perform the first orthopanoramic X-ray to make sure you have all the gems of the permanent teeth and catch any anomalies in the path of eruption of permanent teeth.
Align the teeth helps an individual to bite, chew and speak efficiently and contributes to the health of the same teeth and gums. misaligned teeth and correct relationships between the maxillary bones can relieve or prevent health problems: correctly aligned teeth are less prone to tooth decay and injuries.
Untreated orthodontic problems may get worse; also they can cause dental caries, gingival and periodontal damage, difficulty in chewing and, therefore, digestive problems, abnormal abrasion of the surfaces of the teeth, and dysfunctions at the level of the temporomandibular joint with possible chronic headaches.
Patients with higher aesthetic requirements can choose the treatment with transparent masks that favor a daily routine of the report without creating worries or embarrassment or the positioning (when possible) the lingual or palatal appliances.