The Periodontics is the branch of Dentistry that concerns the problems of the tissues that support the teeth, and it deals with the diseases. Periodontal diseases are undermining the stability of the tooth and destroy the bonds with the bone support structure at the alveolar arch and weaken the gingival soft tissue. The periodontics patients undergo, if not treated, the progressive loss of tooth supporting tissue and the resulting functionality.
Main cause of this disease is the accumulation of bacteria and inflammation between the tooth and gum, but it can also develop when a body’s predisposition is seconded by risk factors such as stress, smoking, bad habits, malocclusion, diabetic disorders, deficiencies immune and poor dental hygiene. The converging work of dentist, hygienist and patient are essential to resolve in a timely manner any outbreaks of gingivitis and diseases of paroldonto, the constant removal of plaque and tartar together at a constant oral hygiene are enough to avert and intercept so early this disease.
Treatments and new habits
Subjecting, during the first visit, a first survey the patient can have a good picture of the state of disease progression. The answer requires in the first instance the removal of possible causes with-held liable for the degeneration of the affected tissue and bone, then you will need to take on new life behavior and pay attention to home care with the correct maneuvers.
The most common surgical treatments Periodontology are Resective typology, Regenerative and Mucus-gingival. Surgery Resective aims to remodeling of bone and gum tissue, in this case, the dentist removes bacteria from the gum tissues affected by smoothing and reducing the parts affected by the disease. The Regenerative Surgery is intended to recover the gum and bone tissue parties intervening on regenerative and restoration actions of the grafts parodontica, the Mucus-gingival surgery restores gingival levels to rehabilitate inestesismi concerning the uncovering of the dental roots through minimally invasive surgical procedures.
Frequently asked questions on Periodontology
Periodontal disease has a genetic basis, but that does not mean it’s hereditary. And the accumulation of bacterial plaque that triggers the effects, there are still factors of predisposition that increase the probability.
Thanks to modern techniques at our disposal, we can stop the destructive process unleashed by periodontics. You should know that you have to constantly undergo periodic checks and oral hygiene sessions of the state of health maintenance achieved by initial therapy.
There is an association between Periodontics and bad breath, in fact the bacteria that proliferate on the tooth surface and inside of periodontal pockets can exacerbate affect bad breath.
We see a list of the factors that favor Periodontics:
- Inadequate oral hygiene
- Smoking: heavy smokers (10 or more cigarettes per day) have a higher risk of contracting the parodonite that non-smoking. Periodontics in smokers often progresses faster and has a more aggressive course and refractory to treatment. Best periodontists always advise against the use of cigarettes
- Genetic predisposition: some people suffer from periodontal disease despite impeccable oral hygiene, while others may boast healthy periodontal structures in spite of high levels of tartar and plaque. We now know that about 30% of the population has a genotype that predisposes to periodontics.
- Stress: scientific studies show a link between stress and periodontal disease, probably due to the fact that stress weakens the immune defense.